What is Discrimination?

Direct discrimination

Direct discrimination takes place when a person is treated less favourably than another person, in the same or similar circumstances, on one or more of the grounds and in one of the areas of public life covered by the Equal Opportunity Act 1984.

Indirect discrimination

Indirect discrimination happens when an apparently neutral rule has a negative effect on a substantially higher proportion of people with a particular ground, or protected attribute or characteristic, e.g. race, compared to people without that attribute or characteristic, and the rule is unreasonable in the circumstances.  This is sometimes called systemic discrimination.