Direct discrimination takes place when a person is treated less favourably than another person, in the same or similar circumstances, on one or more of the grounds and in one of the areas of public life covered by the Equal Opportunity Act 1984.
Indirect discrimination happens when an apparently neutral rule has a negative effect on a substantially higher proportion of people with a particular protected attribute which is a ground, under the Act, e.g. race, compared to people without that attribute, and the rule is unreasonable in the circumstances. This is sometimes called systemic discrimination.
To find out what types of discrimination or grounds are covered under the Act and where they are covered go to our Ready Reckoner .
The Ready Reckoner is not intended to be legal advice. The Commissioner expressly disclaims any liability in respect to anything done or not done to any person in reliance upon any of the contents of this publication.